Energy access plays a big role in a nation’s economy and security, which is why universitas negeri di jakarta we see countries all around the globe urgently increasing their electrification rates. However, there is a significant gap between energy access in urban areas and rural areas.
Energy planning is centralised, which means that it is often focused on increasing supplies of fuel and electricity for industrial and urban uses. Meanwhile, rural energy needs for domestic, agricultural, and small-scale informal production activities are usually given low priority.
This urban-rural gap contributes to widening gender inequality as these small-scale industries are mostly headed by women. Of the 1.2 billion people living on the equivalent of US$1 a day, 70 per cent are women. In rural areas, women’s responsibilities traditionally include collecting fuel and water. Fewer women have stable jobs compared to men, which makes women more prone to poverty.